Gigabits Around the Country – Part 2
This is the second in a two-part blog exploring gigabit connections around the country. The National League of Cities’ Center for Research and Innovation partnered with Next American City to develop a case study, Gig City, U.S.A.: Bringing Google Fiber to Kansas City, which looks at the developing partnership between Google and the Kansas Cities. The first blog identified some of the benefits of locally created and managed fiber connections and reviewed Chattanooga, TN, which boasted the country’s first gigabit connection. This week’s blog looks at other efforts around the country and the hallmarks of a successful municipal fiber network.
At a recent economic development conference in Danville, VA, stakeholders from both the public and private sectors came together to look at the challenges and opportunities that exist with municipal wireless networks.
Danville, VA once had the highest unemployment in the state. Their low-skilled, poorly educated population created a digital divide that made it difficult to attract the types of industry that would sustain development in the region. But today the city is able to attract and retain business to create jobs and improve the quality of life for their citizens. This is not an insignificant feat for an isolated, industrial community an hour and a half away from any major metro area.
While general communications access (telephone, cable TV and internet) was adequate for the home consumer, it was not optimized for businesses. Building a network that would help expand business opportunities was one of the key features of Danville’s approach to local economic development. The best service would be a “fiber to the premise” model but this was costly and would require a critical mass of demand to be able to provide it affordably. Additionally, this was a prime opportunity to be able to wire public anchor institutions such as schools, so figuring out how to do that successfully was also important. Finally, understanding what role the city should have in this (to be an infrastructure or service provider) would be key to their success. Some of the other hallmarks of their approach:
- Learn from others: the benefit of local governments is that there is no proprietary interest on solutions.
- Understand what they were working with: they had adequate telephone, cable tv and internet access but there was nothing readily available for robust business use.
- Do the research: findings from a community study showed that they needed a shift from their manufacturing economy to something more forward and progressive; this is what spurred the need for more robust broadband capabilities.
- Understand the differences: Danville knew which different types of connectivity would be most appropriate for home and business uses.
These strategies helped create a system for Danville that relied solely on local funds (no federal or state grants) and kept the city debt free. The result—nDanville—is an open access multiservice network, operated by private firms that allows the city to provide direct service to schools and other city buildings. It is financially self-sufficient and has not created an unwanted burden on tax or utility payers.
Keys to the Success of Municipal Wireless Networks
Danville, and Chattanooga, both worked to ensure that their fiber optic networks had staying power. Much thought, planning, and stakeholder input went into the creation of a solid business plan which was the first step into determining if this was truly a viable option. Click here for a business plan from Kirkland, Washington’s municipal broadband network.
Secondly, access isn’t enough to attract business; there are other components such as a strong workforce and an infrastructure to support that workforce. Community involvement was a key part as well. When Bristol, VA created their network with the Bristol Virginia Utilities Authority, they city made it a point to speak to community groups about the need for broadband access and how it would impact community development. Chattanooga followed a similar process of engagement buy educating the community on what a fiber network could do for them and charging community leaders to help raise awareness about the network.
Municipal networks are not a one size fits all tool to increase local economic development and address other challenges cities face. It involves substantial planning with input from key stakeholders, a business plan that can prove its sustainability, an engaged community that can harness the power of the network and a business community that will use the network to drive development. While strategies to develop these components will vary from city to city, local leaders are in a position to take advantage of what has and has not worked and use those lessons to create their own designs for increasing and enhancing access in their communities.